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Probability Theory
(dt. Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie)

Level, degree of commitment Specialization module, compulsory elective module
Forms of teaching and learning,
Lecture (4 SWS), recitation class (2 SWS),
270 hours (90 h attendance, 180 h private study)
Credit points,
formal requirements
9 CP
Course requirement(s): Successful completion of at least 50 percent of the points from the weekly exercises.
Examination type: Written or oral examination (individual examination)
The grading is done with 0 to 15 points according to the examination regulations for the degree program M.Sc. Business Mathematics.
One semester,
each winter semester
Person in charge of the module's outline Prof. Dr. Hajo Holzmann


The basic concepts of probability theory, based on measure and integration theory, are discussed, in particular

  • General probability spaces, random variables
  • Independence, laws of large numbers
  • weak convergence, characteristic functions and central limit theorem
  • conditional expectations, conditional distributions, martingales
  • stochastic processes, in particular Brownian motion

Qualification Goals

Students will

  • Understand the basics of probability theory in a mathematically rigorous way, based on measure theory,
  • have deepened mathematical ways of working (developing mathematical intuition and its formal justification, abstraction, proof),
  • have improved their oral communication skills in exercises by practicing free speech in front of an audience and in discussion.


None. The competences taught in the following modules are recommended: either Foundations of Mathematics and Linear Algebra I and Linear Algebra II or Basic Linear Algebra, either Analysis I and Analysis II or Basic Real Analysis, Measure and Integration Theory, either Elementary Probability and Statistics or Elementary Stochastics.


Module imported from M.Sc. Business Mathematics.

It can be attended at FB12 in study program(s)

  • B.Sc. Mathematics
  • B.Sc. Business Mathematics
  • M.Sc. Data Science
  • M.Sc. Computer Science
  • M.Sc. Mathematics
  • M.Sc. Business Mathematics
  • LAaG Mathematics

When studying M.Sc. Computer Science, this module can be attended in the study area Profile Area Mathematics.

Recommended Reading

  • Bauer, H., „Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie“, de Gruyter 2004.
  • Billingsley, P., „Probability and Measure“, John Wiley & Sons 1995
  • Durrett, R., „Probability Theory and Examples“, Wadsworth & Brooks 1991
  • Klenke, A., „Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie“, Springer 2008

Please note:

This page describes a module according to the latest valid module guide in Winter semester 2023/24. Most rules valid for a module are not covered by the examination regulations and can therefore be updated on a semesterly basis. The following versions are available in the online module guide:

The module guide contains all modules, independent of the current event offer. Please compare the current course catalogue in Marvin.

The information in this online module guide was created automatically. Legally binding is only the information in the examination regulations (Prüfungsordnung). If you notice any discrepancies or errors, we would be grateful for any advice.